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ALSO KNOWN AS: China Rose, Bengal Rose, and Chinese Rose

BOTANICAL NAME: Rosa Chinensis

Red roses symbolize love and romance.
Pink roses symbolize gratitude, grace, admiration, and joy.
Orange roses symbolize enthusiasm and passion.
Yellow roses symbolize friendship.
White roses symbolize loyalty, innocence, and purity.

DESCRIPTION: A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over a hundred species and thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing or trailing with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. It is a shrub that reaches 3-7 feet. The leaves are pinnate, have 3 to 5 leaflets, each leaflet 1-2.5 inches long and 0.4-1.2 inch broad. In the wild species, the flowers have five pink to red petals. The alternatively arranged leaves are divided into petiole and leaf blade and a total of 5-11 inches long.

NAME STORY: The name rose comes from French, itself from Latin rosa, which was perhaps  borrowed from Oscan, and from Greek. Garden Rose: Rosa Chinensis has many horticultural varieties, so it has many common names. Since it is most used in gardens, and is also one of the most common plants found in a garden, its most popular name is the garden rose.  

INTERESTING FACTS: All roses were originally wild and they come from several parts of the world, North America, Europe, northwest Africa and many parts of Asia and Oceania. There are over 100 different species of roses. The wild rose species can be grown in gardens, but most garden roses are cultivars, which have been chosen by people. Over hundreds of years they have been specially bred to produce a wide variety of growing habits and a broad range of colours from dark red to white including as well yellow and a bluish/lilac colour. Many roses have a strong, pleasant scent. Most roses have prickles (incorrectly called thorns) on their stems. Rose bushes are able to tolerate a wide variety of growing conditions. The fruit of the rose is called a hip. Some roses have decorative hips.
The rose was sacred to Venus (mythology). Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. It was also linked with Cupid (son of Venus). He was the Roman god of desire €“ in one myth, he dropped nectar and the nectar bubbled up from the ground as roses. The rose was also sacred to Bacchus. He was the Roman god of wine. Rich Romans would lie on couches with roses laid on them. They would wear roses tied onto string around their neck. Anything which was said "under the rose" was considered to be a secret. Cleopatra VII of Egypt was said to have had a floor of her palace covered in roses before her lover Mark Antony visited her.