Black-Eyed Susan

Black-Eyed Susan

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ALSO KNOWN AS: Yellow Ox-eye Daisy, English Bull's Eye, Brown Betty, Gloriosa Daisy, and Golden Jerusalem

BOTANICAL NAME: Rudbeckia Hirta

SYMBOLISM: Encouragement and motivation. 

DESCRIPTION: Rudbeckia Hirta is typically an upright annual plant, though sometimes it is biennial or perennial. It grows 1-3 feet tall by 1-1.5 foot wide. It has alternate, mostly basal leaves 4-7 inches long which are covered by coarse hair. The flowers are up to 4 inches in diameter, with yellow ray florets circling conspicuous brown or black, dome-shaped cones of many small disc florets.

NAME STORY: Black-eyed Susan: The name comes from a poem by John Gay, who portrayed black-eyed Susan (rudbeckia hirta) and sweet William (dianthus barbatus) as humans to tell a love story, and the name Black-eyed Susan is still in use today. Although its stamen is not really black, it is actually brown colored. 

INTERESTING FACTS: Invasive status: Native to eastern and central North America, black-eyed susan is an invasive weed and regarded as a naturalized species by western North America and China.